Author Credentials

Sameera Albalushi: MSN, RN

Fadi Khraim: PhD, RN

Atef Al-Tawafsheh: PhD, RN

Daniel Forgrave BA, MEd


Introduction: Adequate pain control for surgical patients is an important aspect of their post-operative care. To manage pain, health care professionals use pharmacological and non-pharmacological strategies. A significant worldwide increase in the number of surgical procedures and their associated cost has led to a focus on non-pharmacological interventions, like education, to prevent post-operative complications. Education in the pre-operative phase aims to assist patients in overcoming their fears about upcoming surgery, promote pain management and enhance the recovery process.

Objective: This integrative review aims to assess the effectiveness of preoperative education on post-operative pain management among surgical patients.

Method: Whittemore and Knafl’s framework guided this integrative review. Three databases were searched for peer-reviewed studies published in English between 2016 and 2022. Twenty-one primary sources reporting the influence of pre-operative education on post-operative pain were selected for review and critically appraised using the Mixed Methods Appraisal Tool. Data was extracted and thematically analysed, and the results were synthesised.

Results: Two themes emerged from data comparison – ‘factors affecting preoperative pain education’ and ‘outcomes of pre-operative education’.

Conclusion: The implementation of pre-operative education is effective in reducing post-operative pain. The results provide a landscape of the current pre-operative education practices, which indicates the need to develop a pain education program for nurses and patients. This education will allow for the implementation of interventions that improve surgical patients’ post-operative pain.

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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.